They are the group of viruses that cause disease in mammals and birds that include the respiratory tract of mammals (humans). They are associated with the common cold, pneumonia and severe acute respiratory syndrome and it can also affect the gut. The first coronavirus was isolated in 1937 in birds but after the passage of the time, now is also can infect the mammals (cow, mice, dogs, cats, horses, pigs, cattle and humans). There are six types of coronavirus in humans.
Fast facts on Coronavirus
- There is no cure for the common cold.
- Coronavirus can infect many different species.
- There are six known human coronaviruses.
- A coronavirus uses both SARS and MERS.
- SARS spread from China to cause infection in 37 countries, killing 774 people.
What is human Coronavirus?
Human Coronavirus (HCV) was first identified in the 1960s in the noses of patients with the common cold. Coronavirus was given its name based on a crown-like shape on its surface. “Corona” in Latin means “crown”. It is mostly possible for the human to infect in winter or early spring
Symptoms of coronavirus
Cold or flu-like symptoms usually set in form two or four days after coronavirus infection, and they are typically mild.
- A running nose
- A cough
- In rare cases, fever
- A sore throat
However, It is most difficult for the human to cultivate in a laboratory unlike rhinovirus, that makes it difficult to find the cure for it and there is no cure yet in the world for this virus
Type of Coronavirus;
Currently, there are six types of Human Coronavirus.
- 229E (alpha coronavirus)
- NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
- OC43 (beta coronavirus)
- HKU1 (beta coronavirus)
And the dangerous ones are MERS-CoV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and severs acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-Cov) the coronavirus responsible for SARS.