Today the world is modifying rapidly. The humans are focusing on various changes in nature and the world to make every existing matter of the world to its benefit. And likewise, the world is in progress to bring nanotechnology for the better world. But exactly what is Nanotechnology.
In this article ahead, we are going to give a clue and try to make you understand the Nanotechnology and its origin. Moreover, we will take a look at its impacts on the world. And also it’s future what the Nanotechnology is going to bring for us. How can Nanotechnology bring revolution in human life? Besides, along with the prosperity, what are its disadvantages on the human race and the world? This article is for nontechnical audiences who do not like and cannot study the technical terms. The report is written in the primary language that an average person can get a particular point of view about this Technology And can represent his/her idea in gatherings.
Table of Contents
What is Nanotechnology?
It is a branch of science and technology in which we study the Creation and application of matter of minimal size about 1-100 Nanometers. Or it is the manipulation of matter on an atomic level.
The term nanotechnology is not new.there were scientists who bough this theory decade ago, and still, the work is in progress in this field. The physicist by the name of Richard Feynman is known as a father of nanotechnology. He was the one who first talked about it on December 29,1959, at the annual American Physical Society in his famous lecture There’s plenty of rooms at the bottom. In his speech, he described the possibility of synthesis via direct manipulation of atoms.
At that time, most of the physicists and scientist s disagreed with his ideas. And after that 1960, two engineers Egyptian and Korean fabricated a MOSFET (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor), Which was an experimental breakthrough in Nanotech. With that little spark, the work continued on nanotech research. And after long years in 1980, two more major achievements compelled the world to rethink the nanotech. The two modern achievements were Scanning Tunneling Microscope and Carbon nanotubes.
And it the first time when the world top countries initiated different agencies and initiatives to do more research and experiments in the nanotech field. The first government agencies which started work on the research on nanotech were the National nanotechnology initiative of America, Framework programs for Research and Technological Department of Europe, and some others.
The advantages of nanotech in our lives:
Well, nanotech has a revolutionary impact on human lives in every sector. If we become entirely successful in making all the things on the nanoscale, there will be a lot of positive changes for the people and in the world. The most achievement will be less consumption of materials. This can help us to reduce the cost of every product And secondly, with less expenditure, we can store resources for the future too. So, more about the impact of nanotechnology on humans is as follows.
Impact in Technology Sector:
In the past, we Did not use to be developed in the technology sector. Before, we used to have plenty of problems to connect from one place to another, though we used to have more significant devices than today. But today, as we are shrinking the size of every material, And making it more reliable and smooth. In the past, our computers were that much big that we used to have a team of five to six members to utilize conventional machines. And today far more advanced computers are controlled by one person only.
Moreover, today we have developed supercomputers. And a group of experts controls that. Likewise, if we succeed in the field of Nanotechnology, It will be possible for us to control the supercomputers with only one person. Moreover, today the tiniest computer made by humans with the help of nanotech is 100x smaller than the grain of rice.
The impact on Health Care:
If we succeed in the field of nanotech, one of the most affected areas will be health care. It has the potential to bring the revolution in medicine. We could send nanobots in the body of patients and in their arteries to open the blockages in the way of blood. Surgeries could become much faster and more accurate. Injuries could be repaired cell-by-cell. It may even become possible to heal genetic conditions by fixing the damaged genes. We could also use it to refine drug production, tailoring drugs at a molecular level to make them more productive and reduce the side effects.
Furthermore, with the help of nanotechnology, we could develop smaller and proper equipment to treat the patients efficiently.
The impact of the Environment:
Today which are the most dangerous challenger for human beings in the case of the Environment? Obviously the climate change. That happens due to the vast emission of carbon dioxide. And that damages our environment. Using Nanotechnology Researchers at George Washington University have discovered a way to draw carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and convert it into high-yield carbon nanofibers that can be used in manufacturing. Such nanofibers are used to make strong carbon composites, such as those used in the Boeing Dreamliner, as well as in high-end sports equipment, wind turbine blades, and a host of other products.
That can help us to a great extent to control climate change and greenhouse gas emissions.
The disadvantages of Nanotechnology:
As we know that nothing in the world is only beneficial or disadvantageous. It could affect the world and the people positively and negatively both. Above, we discussed some of its major advantages. And now, let’s take a look at the points that will get negative impacts from nanotechnology.
The impact of the Economy:
As much as the reports on the effects of nanotechnology on the Economy are concerned. That is much negative than positive. Because by using nanotech, we would not need many people to work on a project. And that can result in the loss of jobs for many people. Along with the positive impact that we would not need to spend too many resources of the world, it would cause us to minimize the number of employees. It would never be a good point for the population of Seven Billion humans.
The impact on privacy and Security:
Nanotechnology raises the chance of tiny chronicle gadgets, which would be imperceptible. All the more genuinely, it is conceivable that nanotechnology could be weaponized. Nuclear weapons would be simpler to make, and different weapons may likewise be created. One chance is the smart bullet, An automated shot that could be controlled and pointed precisely. These advancements may demonstrate a shelter for the military; however, on the off chance that they fell into inappropriate hands, the outcomes would be critical.
Moreover, with the development of tiny devices, it would be difficult to see those objects. And could be used to disturb the privacy of the common man. Not only privacy but the users of those devices could also be aware of all the activities of that particular individual that he is targeting. And he can use it in his illegal favour.
The future of nanotechnology:
Bearing in mind the past of nanotech.we can get a closer look at its future. Yet there are lots of things to discover. Yet there are lots of mysteries to unveil. And yet it is too early to say something. But Bearing in mind the past of nanotech.we can get a closer look at its future. Its future is going to be unpredictable. Moreover, its future depends on the requirements and challenges of humans.
Though we cannot depict a clearer picture of the future, We can say this much that if nanotechnology comes in the wrong hands. Its consequences will be far more disastrous. Because it would not like an atomic bomb that you would need lots of things to build. But it would be small equipment. That could be almost invisible and could be noticed.
And an invisible or too much tiny thing can be taken quickly anywhere anytime without any hesitation. History teaches us that nothing remained personal. Lastly, it came in the hand of many people.whatever that was or how much big or small that was. But again, we should pray that it should remain in safe hands and used for the property of the world.
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The above article is written with lots of effort to bring the past, present, and future of the Nanotechnology in front of you in nontechnical language. Moreover, in this article, we gave some of the well-known examples of nanomaterials developed. And lastly tried to depict a clear picture of its future. We hope this article would have increased your knowledge regarding nanotechnology. To conclude, we would like to say that do follow us to get more information and understanding about Technology.